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Portrait, Richard Milhous Nixon

Richard Milhous Nixon

37th President of the United States
(January 20, 1969 to August 9, 1974)

Nickname: None listed.

Born: January 9, 1913, in Yorba Linda, California
Died: April 22, 1994, in New York, New York

Father: Francis Anthony Nixon
Mother: Hannah Milhous Nixon
Married: Thelma "Patricia" Catherine Ryan (1912-1993), on June 21, 1940
Children: Patricia Nixon (1946- ); Julie Nixon (1948- )

Religion: Society of Friends (Quaker)
Education: Graduated from Whittier College (1934) and Duke University Law School (1937)
Occupation: Lawyer, public official
Political Party: Republican
Other Government Positions:

  • Attorney for U.S. Office of Emergency Management, 1942
  • Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1947-51
  • United States Senator, 1951-53
  • Vice President, 1953-61 (under tiny U.S. flag Eisenhower)

Presidential Salary: $200,000/year + $50,000 expense account

Presidential Election Results:
Year Popular Votes Electoral Votes
1960 tiny U.S. flag John F. Kennedy 34,226,731 303
Richard M. Nixon 34,108,157 219
1968 Richard M. Nixon 31,785,480 301
Hubert H. Humphrey 31,275,166 191
George C. Wallace 9,906,473 46
1972 Richard M. Nixon 41,167,319 520
George McGovern 29,168,509 17
John Hospers 1

Vice President: Spiro T. Agnew (1969-73); tiny U.S. flag Gerald R. Ford (1973-74)


Secretary of State
William P. Rogers (1969-73)
Henry A. Kissinger (1973-74)
Secretary of the Treasury
David M. Kennedy (1969-70)
John B. Connally, Jr. (1971-72)
George P. Schultz (1972-74)
William E. Simon (1974)
Secretary of Defense
Melvin R. Laird (1969-72)
Elliot L. Richardson (1973)
James R. Schlesinger (1973-74)
Attorney General
John N. Mitchell (1969-72)
Richard G. Kleindienst (1972-73)
Elliot L. Richardson (1973)
William B. Saxbe (1974)
Postmaster General
Winton M. Blount (1969-71)
Secretary of the Interior
Walter J. Hickel (1969-70)
Rogers C. B. Morton (1971-74)
Secretary of Agriculture
Clifford M. Hardin (1969-71)
Earl L. Butz (1971-74)
Secretary of Commerce
Maurice H. Stans (1969-72)
Peter G. Peterson (1972)
Frederick B. Dent (1973-74)
Secretary of Labor
George P. Schultz (1969-70)
James D. Hodgson (1970-72)
Peter J. Brennan (1973-74)
Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
Robert H. Finch (1969-70)
Elliot L. Richardson (1970-73)
Caspar W. Weinberger (1973-74)
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
George W. Romney (1969-72)
James T. Lynn (1973-74)
Secretary of Transportation
John A. Volpe (1969-73)
Claude S. Brinegar (1973-74)

Supreme Court Appointments:

Chief Justice
Warren Earl Burger (1969-86)
Associate Justice
Harry A. Blackmun (1970-94)
Lewis F. Powell, Jr. (1972-87)
William H. Rehnquist (1972-86)

Notable Events:

  • Nixon resigned and was almost impeached over the Watergate Scandal, named for the burglaries at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington. D.C by men found to be connected to Nixon's re-election campaign fundraising committee.
  • 1971
    • The Pentagon Papers, a top-secret U.S. Dept. of Defense study, were leaked to The New York Times. This document showed that the Johnson administration had secretly been expanding U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, further hurting the credibility of the Nixon administration.
  • 1971-2
    • The Nixon administration dramatically improved relations with China. Nixon made a public visit to China in February, 1972, following Secretary of State Henry Kissinger's secret visit to China in October, 1971.
  • 1973
    • Nixon was praised during his presidency for ending American Involvement in the Vietnam War.

Internet Biographies:

Richard M. Nixon -- from The Presidents of the United States of America
Compiled by the White House.
Richard M. Nixon -- from American Presidents: Life Portraits -- C-SPAN
Biographical information, trivia, key events, video, and other reference materials. Website created to accompany C-SPAN's 20th Anniversary Television Series, American Presidents: Life Portraits.
Richard Nixon -- from The American President
From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.
Richard M. Nixon -- from Character Above All
From a PBS broadcast of the same name, this essay excerpt by Tom Wicker discusses some of the issues and events that molded Nixon.

Historical Documents:

First Inaugural Address (1969)
Second Inaugural Address (1973)

Media Resources:

From his 1971 State of the Union address. (0:46)
MP3 (366K)
From the Vincent Voice Library at Michigan State University.
Audio & Video
The American Presidency Projects's Presidential Audio/Video Archive for Richard M. Nixon site

Other Internet Resources:

Richard Nixon Library & Birthplace Foundation
"Nine acres of galleries, theaters, and gardens; the faithfully restored boyhood home of the nation's 37th President; the resting place of the President and his First Lady; an innovative policy center to nurture their legacy." Located in Yorba Linda, California.
Nixon Presidential Library & Museum
Timelines, biographical information, and online exhibits about Nixon's life and presidency. Also provides tourist information for the museum and information on the library's collection.

Points of Interest:

  • Nixon is the only U.S. President who resigned from office.

Previous President: tiny U.S. flag Lyndon Baines Johnson | Next President: tiny U.S. flag Gerald Rudolph Ford

©1996-2008. Robert S. Summers. All rights reserved.